Clay Tobacco Pipe Studies: Where Will the 21st century Bring Us?
There follows a summary of pipe fragments, in date order, including details of makers, where known. Only two small, barrel-shaped bowls of this date were recovered, both retrieved from contexts and , which also contained pipe fragments of probable later 17th century date. One of the bowls is marked with the initials, ‘PE’, incuse, on the pedestal heel see Figure
There are currently three ways to date a pipe with varying accuracy: bore width, bowl form and maker’s marks. Pipe dating by bore width was.
Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. The clay tobacco pipe is a very common artifact representing past everyday life that is used to help date archeological deposits.
This book contains extensive photographs of the clay pipe types recovered, evaluates the age and manufacturing origin of the clay pipes, and provides the basis for developing a dating sequence for using pipes to date other 19th century sites. Contact jschemistry hotmail. Read more Read less.
Adding product to your basket. This is the first of two monographs which presents the results of archaeological and historical research in the village of Rainford, near St Helens, Merseyside. The manufacture of pottery and clay tobacco pipes became an important cottage industry for the local community.
Criteria for dating clay pipes were developed based on their bowl size and shape as well Koalin clay pipes were not the only form of pipe for smoking tobacco.
Reference: Atkinson, D. London Clay Tobacco Pipes. This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.
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Clay Tobacco Pipes
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Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula Hanson’s formulas and the Heighton and Deagan formula.
Pipe stem bore diameter data were collected from 26 sites in Maryland Virginia North Carolina and South Carolina in order to test the accuracy and utility of the three formula dating methods. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Jessica Glickman An Interview with Kathleen Deagan. Charles Robin Ewen
Clay Pipes History
It also allows the date of larger assemblages to be calculated using the stem archaeology dating formulae that have been developed and the USA. There are also a number and concerns over how reliable any date arrived at actually is. Stem bores can, however, clay used for distributional plots or as bar graphs to show changing site use over time. The divisions pipe by 64ths of an inch make convenient units clay archaeology this sort tobacco data.
Object Type: tobacco-pipe. Museum number: , Description: Clay tobacco-pipe bowl, incomplete with damaged spur. Production date:
Therefore, the most important step in identifying a makers’ mark is to first look at the pipe fragment from which it came. By studying the shape, size and characteristics of the pipe bowl it is possible to determine a date range for that particular fragment, and perhaps its regional origin. If this can be established, then the next task is to examine existing documentation for listings of pipemakers and collections of marked pipes which have already been identified.
In those cases when all you have to go by is a small marked pipe fragment, there are several criteria that can help establish a relative date range and then, hopefully, a positive maker identification. As a rule of thumb, marked pipes from the first half of the 17th century are predominantly stamped on the heel. This is true for both English and Dutch pipes. By the second half of the 17th century, makers’ marks on English pipes can still be found stamped on the heel but are also found on the backs of bowls and on the stem.
In the case of Dutch pipes from the later 17th and 18th centuries, they are distinguished from the English pipes not only by their bowl shape and presence of rouletting around the rim, but also because pipemakers continued to mark their pipes on the heel, often using minuscule marks. Excavations at Ferryland over the past seven years have recovered tens of thousands of clay tobacco pipe fragments.
From these collections, all of the 17th and 18th century marked pipes were removed for further analysis and identification.
Clay tobacco pipe dating
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London Clay Tobacco Pipes, D. R. Atkinson and Adrian Oswald, B. Tbe Dating and TypoLogy of Clay Pipes bearing the RoyaL Arms. D. R. Atkinson and.
Abstract: There are currently three formula dating techniques available to archaeologists studying 17th and 18th century sites using imported English clay tobacco pipe stems based on Harrington’s histogram of time periods; Binford’s linear formula Hanson’s formulas and the Heighton and Deagan formula. Pipe stem bore diameter data were collected from 26 sites in Maryland Virginia North Carolina and South Carolina in order to test the accuracy and utility of the three formula dating methods.
Of the formulas the Heighton and Deagan proved to be the most accurate producing formula mean dates closest to the dates assigned to the sites using other dating techniques. It was also determined that all three formula dating methods work better in Maryland and Virginia than in North and South Carolina. Other aspects of pipe stem dating were explored in this paper including regional consumption patterns and the influences Dutch pipes have on formula dating.
These questions were addressed specifically on sites from the Chesapeake. This analysis supports recent assertions that the Chesapeake should be split into two sub-regions the Upper and Lower Chesapeake. Email this document to.
Put This in Your Pipe and Smoke it : An Evaluation of Tobacco Pipe Stem Dating Methods
The skill and experience of the individual undertaking the work will play a large part in determining how accurate and reliable any assessment of dating is, and specialist advice should certainly be taken when dealing with large assemblages or those where the pipe dating is fundamental to the excavated deposits. But it is certainly possible for a good assessment of date to be made by considering the key characteristics of any given pipe or pipe assemblage, guidelines for which are given below.
They can be used to indicate whether a context group is likely to contain residual material, or whether it represents a coherent and potentially tightly dated group.
Many excavation reports seize upon typologies of clay pipes and makers marks of identified individuals as dating evidence, and this is often the.
Clay tobacco-pipe studies played an important, yet unacknowledged, role in the formation process of historical archaeology in Germany. Systematic analyses of smoking utensils and the craftsmanship involved in making them were the forerunners of the academic discipline. Clay-pipe studies were never restricted by disciplinary boundaries. Methods and approaches were drawn from ethnology, archaeology, and history, but the field remained purely Eurocentric. However, clay-pipe research has come to a halt.
One important reason for this is its high degree of specialization. But, otherwise, historical archaeology is currently on the upswing, despite its unsatisfying engagement with material culture, especially that of the late 18th century onwards.
The making of tobacco pipes from clay, historically by press moulding but more recently also by slip casting see also wooden pipe making. Tobacco was first brought to England during the Tudor period, and was smoked in a clay pipe. Clay tobacco pipe making began c. Over the next years, almost every city and town and many villages had a clay pipe maker. The clay pipe industry peaked c. Until this time, only England, Holland and Germany were making clay pipes but by the s, France had also become world leaders in the craft, and pipe makers also operated in America and Canada and a few other places.
Description. There were fragments of clay tobacco pipes found at the Popham site in Phippsburg. Of the fragments, of them date to the 17th century.
Fragments of clay tobacco pipes are regularly found in gardens and allotments in both urban and rural locations in the Faversham area. Such a common and fragile artefact has become an important dating aid for archaeologists working on sites from the late 16th to 19th centuries. Native Americans smoked dried tobacco leaf using pipes of clay, metal or wood. However, the first use of tobacco in continental Europe during the 16th century was in the form of snuff.
Towards the end of the century smoking tobacco in a pipe was noted as a particularly English habit. In England pipes of moulded and fired clay, which were easily and cheaply manufactured, became popular with smokers of all classes.